‘Xi Jinping Thought’: Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems and Military Modernization with Chinese Characteristics
The article seeks to appraise Beijing’s military modernization and positions on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS). In examining the rhetoric of Chinese policy makers through a qualitative analysis of relevant policy documents and Chinese statements, the article begins by evaluating the relationship between military modernization and the advancement of China’s innovation and civil- military integration strategies in the Xi Jinping era. Secondly, the article considers, via an analysis of diplomatic statements, the context of Chinese discussions on LAWS under the framework of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW). The analysis proposes it is probable that China is seeking to ban the use of LAWS for outside of a defensive remit via diplomatic efforts, while introducing a narrow definition that may permit for the potential application of these dual-use devices in geo-specified environments (similar to landmines)—thereby allowing the continuance of trade in artificial intelligence (AI) related goods and services underwriting the progress of the civilian economy. Lastly, in attempting to add much needed connective tissue, this article will illuminate the degree to which Xi Jinping’s Chinese Dream has integrated a policy of modernization that is seemingly expanding into the LAWS realm. This augmented trajectory is examined in the context of bilateral relations with the United States.
Aiden Warren and Alek Hillas
"‘Xi Jinping Thought’: Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems and Military Modernization with Chinese Characteristics,"
The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development: Vol. 7:
1, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarworks.arcadia.edu/agsjournal/vol7/iss1/6
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