Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is routinely practiced as tradition in twenty nine countries in Africa and the Middle East nations, many of them in West Africa distributed more or less contiguously across a zone running from Senegal in the west to the east. Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo and Uganda practice FGM.
Lorraine Koonce Esq
"Female Genital Mutilation in Africa,"
The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development: Vol. 2:
1, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarworks.arcadia.edu/agsjournal/vol2/iss1/6