If the old adage that possession is nine tenths of the law is indeed correct, then Mr. Philippe de Villiers, founder of the Puy du Fou historical theme park near Nantes, has clearly won his case for a small silver-gilt ring taken from Joan of Arc by the English Cardinal Henry Beaufort during her 1430-31 imprisonment. The Cardinal was present, and instrumental, in the trial and execution of the Maid of Orleans in 1431, and the ring has remained in private hands in England since that time.
K. Michelle Hearne Arthur
"Joan of Arc’s Ring: A Question of Possession and Cultural Patrimony,"
The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development: Vol. 2:
1, Article 12.
Available at: https://scholarworks.arcadia.edu/agsjournal/vol2/iss1/12