Since the end of British India’s colonial rule in 1947 and the subsequent partition of the South Asian subcontinent, Pakistan’s foreign policy has been driven largely by geopolitical and ideological concerns. Located at the crossroads of the Middle East and South Asia, and relatively close to the Soviet Union (USSR) and Europe, Pakistan emerged not only as a potential bridge between the oil-rich Persian Gulf, energy-hungry East Asia, and the West, but also as a channel to ‘the Muslim World’. Such potential, however, has never been fulfilled: unsettled territorial disputes with India, along with irreconcilable national identity claims, weak intra-regional trade and fragile democratic structures have all prevented Pakistan from escaping the security dilemma it has faced since its inception.
Sunawar, Lubna and Coutto, Tatiana
"U.S. Pakistan Relations during the Cold War,"
The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development: Vol. 1
, Article 6.
Available at: http://scholarworks.arcadia.edu/agsjournal/vol1/iss1/6