Date of Award

Spring 5-2-2019

Document Type

Capstone (Restricted Access)

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Visual & Performing Arts; College of Arts & Sciences

First Advisor

Jill Pederson

Second Advisor

Elizabeth Ferrell


At Hopetoun House in Queensferry, Scotland, the paintings Two Women with Infant and Two Women with Child and Dog are attributed to the late-sixteenth-century artist Annibale Carracci (1560-1609) . Through research and visual analysis, this thesis denounces the current attribution and instead attributes these two paintings to Lavinia Fontana (1552-1614). Fontana was a female painter of the late Renaissance whose artwork did not always conform to the Mannerist tendencies of the other Italian artists from this period. It is difficult to place her within a specific style since she began to stray from some of the concepts and style of Mannerism. During her time, Fontana overcame obstacles set upon her by the Counter-Reformation as well as those due to gender inequalities. Scholars may have been motivated to attribute the paintings to a male artist to make the works more valuable and profitable. By reattributing these paintings, this thesis helps to correct gender inequality that still persists in the art world.